Key Messianic Prophecies in the Old Testament

Χριστός - Μεσσίας

Gleason L. Archer listed these texts as key for understanding the Messianic prophecies:

Genesis 3:15 Messiah to reconcile men to God; fully human, born of a woman, He will utterly defeat Satan
22:18 He will be of the family of Abraham
49:10 He will be of the kingly tribe of Judah

Deuteronomy 18:15 He will be a prophet who, like Moses, revealed the word of God

Psalms 2:1–2 He will be tried by Gentile rulers and condemned by His own Jewish people
16:10 Through resurrection, by the Father, Jesus’ body will not see corruption
22:1 He will experience the rejection of the Father at His death
22:6–7 He will be mocked at His crucifixion
22:22 Christ will glorify God in His church after His resurrection
40:6–8 Christ delighted in all the Father’s will
69:7–12 Christ would be rejected by men
69:21 Christ would drink gall at His crucifixion
89:4 Christ will be the eternal seed of David
89:26–28 Christ will be God’s eternal son, His unique first born
110:1 He will ascend to the right hand of the Father, and be coronated
110:4 His priesthood will be eternal, after the manner of Melchizedek
132:11 He will be the lineage of David

Isaiah 7:14 Christ will have a virgin birth; He will be called Immanuel
7:15–16 He will grow up in a land dominated by a foreign power
9:1–2 He will minister in Galilee
9:7 He will be of the line of David, but His kingship will be eternal and He will be the Son of God
11:2 He will be anointed with the Holy Spirit
11:4 He will minister perfect justice regerding the poor and the meek
24:16 Christ will offer salvation to the entire world
40:3 He will have a forerunner
42:1 Christ will be the great anointed Servant of Yahweh
42:2 His ministry will be gentle
42:6 Christ will be the fulfillment of God’s covenant
49:6 Christ will be a  light to the Gentiles
52:14 He would be disfigured by the abuses He suffered prior to crucifixion
53:4 Christ will bear all our diseases
53:5 He will provide atonement for sin
53:9 He will be buried in a rich man’s tomb
53:10 The Father will prolong Christ’s days by resurrecting Him from the dead

Daniel 9:24 His public ministry to begin in A.D. 26, which would be 483 years after the decree to Ezra to rebuild Jerusalem; 3 1/2 years later (in the middle of the seven year “week”) the Messiah would be crucified while atoning for sin as the “Most Holy” One

Micah 5:2 Jesus would be born in Bethlehem

Zechariah 9:9 He would enter Jerusalem on a donkey’s colt
11:12 Christ would be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver
12:10 He would be pierced for our transgressions (Isa. 53:5)*

*Excerpted from Archer, G. L. (1998). A survey of Old Testament introduction (3rd. ed.].) (385). Chicago: Moody Press. Emphasis mine.

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